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Discover magical Cappadocia

Magical Journeys to Turkey

In the time of Herodotus, the Cappadocians were reported as occupying the whole region from Mount Taurus to the vicinity of the Euxine (Black Sea). Cappadocia, in this sense, was bounded in the south by the chain of the Taurus Mountains that separate it from Cilicia, to the east by the upper Euphrates and the Armenian Highland, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lycaonia and eastern Galatia

Magical Journeys to Cappadocia

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» Avanos


The small town of Avanos in Cappadocia is famous for its distinctive red earthenware pottery, which has shaped its reputation since the days of the Hittities in the Bronze Age. Situated on the banks of the longest river in Turkey, the Kizilirmak (Red River), the lovely old town overlooks the red silt of the river which has been both the lifeblood and the destiny of Avanos. Small pottery workshops still cluster in the narrow streets of the old town and here you can learn how to throw a pot and buy the local ceramics …

» Cavusin


The quiet Cappadocian village of Cavusin is famous for three things: beautiful churches, abandoned rock houses, and great hiking opportunities. The village is dominated by its cliff from which a clutter of empty cave houses spill down precariously, making for a fun place to explore. The area of the village where people live today is nice and quiet - most people work in agriculture and you'll see that the little cafe by the mosque is the local hotspot …

» Derinkuyu Underground City

Derinkuyu Underground City

Of the 100 underground cities in Cappadocia, Derinkuyu is the deepest at 280 ft (85m) below the surface. The city has been open to the public since 1965 but only about half of it can be visited. There are around 600 doors down into the city, leading from the courtyards of the above-ground buildings. In the underground city you'll find the various levels of stables, cellars, storage rooms, kitchens, wineries, churches and more. The upper floors can be reached by narrow, sloping passageways …

» Goreme


It's one of the strangest landscapes you'll ever see: the cliffs and valleys and fairy chimneys of Göreme National Park in Cappadocia. Wind and water erosion scoured out this land of soft volcanic ash (tufa) leaving this extraordinary place of valleys and pillars, some of which rise to 130 feet (40m). The earliest settlers were Christian exiles in Roman times and they carved churches into the rock, along with houses and tombs …

» Goreme Open Air Museum

Goreme Open Air Museum

One of Cappadocia's most famous sites is the Göreme Open Air Museum, a ring shaped collection of churches cut into the soft volcanic cliffs. In the 4th century the area became known as the Land of the Three Saints after the theologians St. Basil the Great, his brother St. Gregory of Nyssa, and St. Gregory of Nazianzus. In the Middle Ages the importance of this area again soared and many monasteries, churches and chapels were dug out of the rock …

» Ihlara Valley

Ihlara Valley

Cappadocia's Grand Canyon, the 328 ft (100 m) deep Ihlara Valley was formed by the Melendiz River thousands of years ago. Around 4,000 people lived in the valley and there were 80 churches carved into the cliff faces, 12 of which can be visited today. These days the valley is home to one of the most popular hiking trails in Cappadocia with 26 bends along an 8 mile (14km) route that passes vineyards and pistacio trees …

» Imagination Valley (Devrent Valley)

Imagination Valley (Devrent Valley)

This is a place to let your mind run free in a seemingly lunar landscape with rock formations that look like animals. The Devrent Valley, also known as Imagination Valley, has none of the cave churches, Byzantine frescoes or Roman citadel ruins that are famous throughout the rest of Cappadocia; but what it does have is an extraordinary landscape shaped by nature to make you laugh and wonder and explore. Only a 10 minute drive from Göreme, between Avanos and Ürgüp, the valley is like a rock-formed zoo …

» Kaymakli Underground City

Kaymakli Underground City

Kaymakli is a city dug deep into the soft volcanic rock in the Cappadocia region. There are around 100 underground cities in the area although only a few are open to the public. Kaymakli is the largest of them. It is estimated that around 3,500 people once lived here. Built under a hill known as the Citadel of Kaymakli, the city consists of 8 underground levels made up of low, narrow, sloping passageways. The city is arranged around the ventilation shafts which bring in air …

» Ortahisar


Famous for the castle-like rock formation looming 90 meters high above the town, Ortahisar, or Middle Castle, is, well, right in the middle of the Cappadocian towns of Goreme, Urgup, Uchisar, and Neveshir. Though it is becoming more popular with visitors, Ortahisar is still a quiet farming town that's sleepier than many of the other Cappadocian hotspots that are today bursting with boutique hotels. Life in Ortahisar is based around the cobbled streets which extend from the central square, and wandering the streets lined with stone houses …

» Özkonak Underground City

Özkonak Underground City

Smaller than Cappadocia's other subterranean cities like Kaymakli and Derinkuyu, Ozkonak Underground City is also much less crowded. On the northern slopes of Mount Idis, as you hunch to stroll the tiny corridors of this ancient city you'll feel very big compared to the people who once lived here. Likely built in the Byzantine era, though perhaps even older, Özkonak Underground City was rediscovered in the '70s by a local farmer who wondered where his excess crop water was going …

» Pasabag (Monk's Valley)

Pasabag (Monk's Valley)

The area of Pasabag in Cappadocia is famous for its perfect fairy chimneys, sculpted from ancient lava, ash, and basalt. They jut up all over the place, even in the middle of a vineyard, hence its name which translates as Pacha's Vineyard. Pasabag is famous for its opportunities to hike among the boulders and into the hills that ring the area. If you just want to relax, in the small village by the road there are stalls serving hot spiced wine in winter, and freshly-squeezed juices in summer …

» Pigeon Valley (Guvercinlik)

Pigeon Valley (Guvercinlik)

Pigeon Valley, just outside Göreme in Cappadocia, is one of Turkey's most beautiful landscapes. The unique rock formations known as fairy chimneys, or peri bacalar, which are made from wind and water erosion on soft volcanic rock, rise high from the valley floor like chimneys and are dotted in their tops with birdhouses. Some reach at tall as 130 ft (40m). Pigeons live in these dovecoats carved into the rocks and cliffs. Years ago the pigeons were used to carry messages from this remote region hellip;

» Rose Valley

Rose Valley

Made up of a number of smaller valleys, Rose Valley is famous for its otherworldly rock formations and world-class hiking opportunities. The valley trails provide a variety of levels of challenge, and there are plenty of walks that are suitable for beginners. For seasoned hikers, there are trails where you get to scale stone tunnels and climb down ladders. Either way, you'll get to wander canyon bottoms and explore Cappadocia's rocks at sunset when the valley turns blood red ellip;

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« TURKEYDiscover Turkey • Cappadocia

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Magical Journeys to Turkey

Cappadocia is one of those places you're unlikely to ever forget. The countryside is dotted with pinnacles (that look like castle turrets or giant mushrooms) that are soft on the inside, and have hard rock on the outside. They have been used as homes and churches through the centuries, and some are now becoming hotels …

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Cappadocia or Capadocia, Turkish Kapadokya meaning the land of beautiful horses, is a region of exceptional natural wonders characterized by fairy chimneys and a unique historical and cultural heritage. The term roughly corresponds to present-day Nevsehir Province of Turkey. …

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