DESTINATION CAPPADOCIA, TURKEY
In the time of Herodotus, the Cappadocians were reported as occupying the whole region from Mount Taurus to the vicinity of the Euxine (Black Sea). Cappadocia, in this sense, was bounded in the south by the chain of the Taurus Mountains that separate it from Cilicia, to the east by the upper Euphrates and the Armenian Highland, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lycaonia and eastern Galatia.
Churches of Goreme,
Derinkuyu Underground City,
Ozkonak Underground City,
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The old city of Avanos, whose name in ancient times was Venessa overlooks the longest river of Turkey, the Kizilirmak (Red River), which also separates Avanos from the rest of Cappadocia. The most famous historical feature of Avanos, which is still relevant and very visible today, is its production of earthenware pottery, it is also the most economic activity in the town ...
CHURCHES OF GOREME|
After the eruption of Mount Erciyes about 2000 years ago, ash and lava formed soft rocks in the Cappadocia Region. People of Goreme, at the heart of the Cappadocia Region, realized that these soft rocks could be easily carved out to form houses, churches, monasteries. These Christian sanctuaries contain many examples of Byzantine art from the post-iconoclastic period ...
DERINKUYU UNDERGROUND CITY|
Derinkuyu Underground City is an ancient multi-level underground city in the Derinkuyu district in Nevsehir Province, Turkey. With its eleven floors extending to a depth of approximately 85 m, it was large enough to shelter tens of thousands of people together with their livestock and food stores. It is the largest excavated underground city in Turkey ...
The Goreme National Park (Goreme Milli Parklar in Turkish) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. The location of Goreme was first settled back in the Roman period. Christianity was then the prevailing religion in the region, which is evident from many rock churches that can still be seen today ...
Kayakapi Neighbourhood is a historical area located on the northeastern slope of a hill known as Esbelli in Urgup. The area features many examples of vernacular and monumental architecture, including the House of Saint John the Russian. Abandoned after the 1980s, the semi-ruins and naturally evolved landscape of Kayakapi present a Amystical character ...
The underground shelters around Nevsehir and Goreme were originally built to escape persecution by the pagan Roman authorities. Many of the churches, hewn in the rocks, date from these early years of Christianity. Even when Theodosius I made Christianity the official religion of the empire the caves offered protection for the local people during raids ...
OZKONAK UNDERGROUND CITY|
Ozkonak Underground City is an ancient city built on the northern slopes of Mt. Idis about 14 km northeast of Avanos in Turkey. The city has many strata made up of volcanic granite its larger areas are connected to each other by tunnels. Ozkonak had a built in communication system of pipes to each of its levels, unlike Kaymakli and Derinkuyu ...
Urgup is known for its famous hotels built right within caves, for its wines and for its hand made carpets. Many of the hotels in caves are actually old houses. Some of the caves have also been converted into nightclubs and bars. It is the most important tourism center of the Cappadocia region. Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age ...
Zelve Monastery was carved into the rock in pre-Iconoclastic times. The remains of the Zelve monastery complex is located on the northern slopes of Aktepe, 1 km from Pasa Baglari and 10 km out from Goreme on the Avanos road. Zelve does not have the rich frescoes of Goreme and other Cappodocian locations. Spread out over three valleys ...
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