Destination Delphi, Greece

Delphi has a special meaning, more than just another collection of ruins in a country that is full of them. Delphi in ancient times was considered the center of the known world, the place where heaven and earth met. This was the place on earth where man was closest to the gods.


• Delphi At-A-Glance A-Z

» Discover Delphi

Discover Delphi, Central Greece

Delphi is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur of Mount Parnassus in the valley of Phocis. In Greek mythology, Delphi was the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world, and a major site for the worship of the god Apollo after he slew the Python, a dragon who lived there and protected the navel of the Earth. Python is claimed by some to be the original name of the site …

» Apollo

Apollo, Olympian Gods

Apollo is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman religion, Greek and Roman mythology, and Greco–Roman Neopaganism. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more. As the patron of Delphi (Pythian Apollo), Apollo was an oracular god - the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle …

» Athenian Treasury

Athenian Treasury, Delphi

The Athenian Treasury at Delphi was constructed by the Athenians to house dedications made by their city and citizens to the sanctuary of Apollo. The entire treasury, including its sculptural decoration, is built of Parian marble; its date of construction is disputed, scholarly opinion ranging from 510 to 480 BCE. Pausanias mentions the building in his account of the sanctuary, claiming that it was dedicated from the spoils of the Battle of Marathon, fought in 490 BCE …

» Castalian Spring

Castalian Spring, Delphi

The Castalian Spring , in the ravine between the Phaedriades at Delphi, is where all visitors to Delphi — the contestants in the Pythian Games, and especially suppliants who came to consult the Delphic Oracle — stopped to wash their hair; and where Roman poets came to receive poetic inspiration. This is also where Apollo killed the monster, Python, and that is why it was considered to be sacred. Two fountains, which were fed by the sacred spring, still survive …

» Charioteer of Delphi

Castalian Spring, Delphi

The Charioteer of Delphi, also known as Heniokhos (the rein-holder), is one of the best-known statues surviving from Ancient Greece, and is considered one of the finest examples of ancient bronze statues. The life-size statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum. The statue was erected at Delphi in 474 BC, to commemorate the victory of a chariot team in the Pythian Games …

» Delphi Archaeological Museum

Delphi Archaeological Museum, Delphi

Delphi Archaeological Museum is the museum that houses the ancient artifacts that were found in Delphi, Greece. Its centerpiece are the antiquities found in the complex of the ancient Oracle of Delphi from the 18th century BC when the oracle was founded to its decline in Late Antiquity. Its exhibits are mainly offerings to the oracle and architectural parts of the buildings …

» Delphic Hymns

Delphic Hymns, Delphi

The Delphic Hymns are two musical compositions from Ancient Greece, which survive in substantial fragments. They were long regarded as being dated circa 138 BCE and 128 BCE, respectively, but recent scholarship has shown it likely they were both written for performance at the Athenian Pythaides in 128 BCE. If indeed it dates from ten years before the second, the First Delphic Hymn is the earliest unambiguous surviving example of notated music from anywhere in the western world whose composer is known by name …

» Delphic Sibyl

Delphic Sibyl, Delphi

The Delphic Sibyl was a legendary figure who made prophecies in the sacred precinct of Apollo at Delphi, on the slopes of Mount Parnassus. According to a late source, her mother was Lamia, daughter of Poseidon. The Delphic Sibyl was not involved in the operation of the Delphic Oracle and should be considered distinct from the Pythia, the priestess of Apollo. There were several prophetic figures called Sibyls in the Graeco-Roman world. The most famous Sibyl was located at Cumae …

» Delphi Inscription

Delphi Inscription, Delphi

The Delphi Inscription, or Gallio Inscription at Delphi (also Gallio Inscription), is the name given to the collection of nine fragments of a letter written by the Roman emperor Claudius c. 52 CE and discovered early in the 20th century at the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, Greece. The reference to proconsul Gallio in the inscription provides an important marker for developing a chronology of the life of Apostle Paul …

» Gaia

Gaia, Greek Gods

Gaia was the goddess or personification of Earth in ancient Greek religion, one of the Greek primordial deities. Gaia was the great mother of all: the heavenly gods, the Titans and the Giants were born from her union with Uranus (the sky), while the sea-gods were born from her union with Pontus (the sea). Her equivalent in the Roman pantheon was Terra …

» Kleobis and Biton

Kleobis and Biton, Greek Gods

Kleobis and Biton are the names of two human brothers in legend related by Solon to Croesus in Herodotus' Histories. It is also the name conventionally given to a pair of lifesize Archaic Greek statues, or kouroi, which are now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum, at Delphi Greece. The statues date from about 580 BC and come from Argos in the Peloponnese, although they were found at Delphi …

» Omphalos

Omphalos, Delphi

An Omphalos is a religious stone artifact, or baetylus. In Greek, the word omphalos means "navel". According to the ancient Greeks, Zeus sent out two eagles to fly across the world to meet at its center, the "navel" of the world. Omphalos stones used to denote this point were erected in several areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; the most famous of those was at the oracle at Delphi. It is also the name of the stone given to Cronus in Zeus' place in Greek mythology …

» The Pythia (Oracle of Delphi)

The Pythia, Delphi

The Pythia, commonly known as the Oracle of Delphi, was the priestess at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. The Pythia was widely credited for her prophecies inspired by Apollo. The Delphic oracle was established in the 8th century BC, although it may have been present in some form in Late Mycenaean times, from 1,400 BCE and was abandoned, and there is evidence that Apollo took over the shrine from an earlier dedication to Gaia …

» Pythian Games

Pythian Games, Greek Mythology

The Pythian Games (Delphic Games) were one of the four Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, a forerunner of the modern Olympic Games, held every four years at the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi. They were held in honour of Apollo two years after (and two years before) each Olympic Games, and between each Nemean and Isthmian Games. They were founded sometime in the 6th century BCE, and, unlike the Olympic Games, also featured competitions for art and dance …

» Python

Python, Greek Mythology

In Greek mythology, Python was the earth-dragon of Delphi, always represented in Greek sculpture and vase-paintings as a serpent. He presided at the Delphic oracle, which existed in the cult center for his mother, Gaia. Hellenes considered the site to be the center of the earth, represented by a stone, the omphalos or navel, which Python guarded. Apollo slew him and remade his former home and the oracle, the most famous in Classical Greece, as his own …

» Sibyl Rock

Sibyl Rock, Delphi

The rock from which the Erythraean Sibyl or Herophile foretold the future. The rock is between the treasury of Sicyon and the stoa of the Athenians upon the sacred way which leads up to the temple of Apollo in the archaeological area of Delphi. As Pausanias says at Phocis "there is a rock which extrudes from the ground. The Delphians say that after she stood above this rock, a woman named Herophile chanted her oracles, a woman who was known as a "Sibyl" …

» Temple of Apollo

Temple of Apollo, Delphi

The ruins of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi visible today date from the 4th century BC are of a peripteral Doric building. It was erected on the remains of an earlier temple, dated to the 6th century BC which itself was erected on the site of a 7th century BC construction attributed to the architects Trophonios and Agamedes. The 6th century BC temple was named the Temple of Alcmeonidae in tribute to the Athenian family who funded its reconstruction following a fire, which had destroyed the original structure …

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Delphi is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur of Mount Parnassus in the valley of Phocis. In Greek mythology, Delphi was the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world, and a major site for the worship of the god Apollo after he slew the Python, a dragon who lived there and protected the navel of the Earth …

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